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Information about sleep disorders in children

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Information about sleep disorders in children

A study published in the journal Middle East Current Psychiatry (July 2014 – Volume 21 – issue 3 – page 185-192) found that 33.6% of 146 children aged 4-12 have sleep-related disorders, according to the London Centre for sleep disorders in Dubai .

Types of sleep disorders affecting children :

  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a condition that causes the larynx or upper airway to collapse, preventing oxygen from passing through the lungs and causing superficial breathing or temporary pauses. This condition can occur at any age but is more common in children aged 3 to 7 years and during middle school.
  • Cerebrospinal pain is another condition of sleep disorders that people most often mistake for affecting only adults, since it can occur in children at an early age, which may be lighter or appear to be lighter because children, unlike adults, do not recognize differences and assume that pain and functional difficulties are normal.

According to a new study published in February 2016* in the Journal of the American Dental Association, children have problems related to sleep disorders almost twice as often as adults. Sleep disorders in children can be of varying severity, but it is important to know that the majority of these disorders are treatable. Headaches are also common in children, with up to 82% of adolescents reported to have a headache before the age of 15 and migraines in children carry the same effects as adults.

Side effects for sleep disorders in children :

It is increasingly recognized that obstructive sleep apnea in children causes attention and behavior problems as well as learning and development problems. Experts at the London Center for the treatment of sleep disorders believe that low oxygen flow to the brain disrupts deep sleep is important for the process of cell restoration and that the period of deep sleep is of great importance for the brain development process of every child. This disorder, in turn, causes problems in certain areas of the brain that control children's ability to pay attention, control behavior, and regulate emotions, and therefore often develop hyperactivity.

The American Society of headache Diseases found in a worldwide literary review that included countries including the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Jordan that there is a high prevalence of headache and migraine diseases in children and adolescents.

Serious facts 

 It is the most common headache withdisorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and the probability that children diagnosed with migraines have breathing disorders during sleep is 8.25 times higher. While children diagnosed with chronic headache pain accompanied by stress are 15.23 times more likely to have sleep breathing disorders, patients of all ages with obstructive sleep apnea are 6.52 times more likely to have temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ).

Due to the alarming after-effects of lack of sleep or erratic sleep, parents should pay close attention to how their children sleep. If there are any sleep breathing problems, jaw pain, headaches, or even difficulty with normal oral functions such as opening the mouth, laying, swallowing, speaking or communicating, parents should consult a pediatrician for guidance or a possible referral to a sleep specialist.

Dr. Stephen Olmos (specialist in sleep apnea and director of the Department of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea at the University of Tennessee School of Dentistry) has developed special developmental therapies to treat this condition in children. Unfortunately, specialists cannot control these conditions in most patients until after adulthood.

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id bihi mohamed

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